Eduardo TassiRio de Janeiro Federal University, Brazil
Title: Relationship between Urinary Norepinephrine, Fibrosis, and Arrhythmias in Chronic Chagas Heart Disease with Preserved or Mildly Reduced Ejection Fraction
Background: In Chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy (CCC), studies are needed to identify arrhythmogenic risk factors in patients in which moderate to severe ventricular dysfunction is not present. Objective: To verify the correlation between frequent ventricular arrhythmias (PVC), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), extension of fibrosis by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), and urinary norepinephrine measurement (NOREPI) in CCC with preserved or mildly compromised LVEF. Methods: The presence of ventricular extrasystoles > 30/h was analyzed on Holter. At CMR, LVEF and quantification of fibrosis mass were evaluated. The dosage of NOREPI was performed using the Muskiet method. The correlation coefficient matrix was calculated to measure the predictive ability of the variables to predict another variable, with p < 0.05 being considered significant.
Results: A total of 59 patients were included. The mean age was 57.9 + 10.94 years. PVC was detected in 28 patients. The fibrosis variable was inversely proportional to LVEF (R of -0.61) and NOREPI (R of -0.68). Also, the variable PVC was inversely proportional to LVEF (R of -0.33) and NOREPI (R of -0.27). On the other hand, LVEF was directly proportional to NOREPI (R of 0.83).
Conclusion: In this sample, in patients with CCC with preserved or slightly reduced LVEF, integrity of the autonomic nervous system is observed in hearts with little fibrosis and higher LVEF despite the presence of traditional risk factors for sudden cardiac death. There is correlation between the levels of NOREPI, LVEF, and myocardial fibrosis, but not with PVC.
Eduardo Tassi has completed his PhD from Rio de Janeiro Federal University (UFRJ), Brazil. Actually, he is the head of Cardiology department of Rio de Janeiro Federal State University, Brazil (UNIRIO).